Wednesday, May 25, 2016

The Russian T-14 Armata Battle Tank

The T-14 Armata (Т-14 «Армата») is a new Russian main battle tank based on the Armata Universal Combat Platform. It was first seen in public during rehearsals for the 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade. The Russian army plans to acquire 2,300 T-14s in the period 2015-2020.

The T-14 represents a new generation of Russian main battle tanks. The most significant new feature is the use of an unmanned turret, with the crew of three seated in an armored capsule in the front of the hull.
The main armament of the T-14 is the 2A82-1M 125 mm (4.92 in) smoothbore cannon. Other features include a firing rate of 10–12 rounds per minute, and a maximum effective-penetration range of 8 km. The detection range of the tank's optical sensors is more than 5 km for tank-sized targets at day (official government data), and at least 3.5 km at night through the thermal imaging channel. The gunner sight's optical channel is equipped with 4x and 12x optical zoom.

The laser rangefinder has a theoretical maximum range of 7.5 km. These systems are duplicated; there is a weaker third system which can fire on the move. The crew uses a high-definition camera with a 360 degrees field.
Secondary armament consists of a 12.7 mm Kord machine gun with 300 rounds and a 7.62 mm PKTM machine gun with 1,000 rounds. All guns are remotely controlled. A 12.7 mm machine gun is installed above the turret roof-mounted commander's sight while the turret front has a peculiar slit that is speculated to be intended for the coaxial 7.62 mm machinegun.
The T-14 is powered by a ChTZ 12Н360 diesel engine delivering up to 1,500 hp. The engine is electronically controlled.
The T-14 has a 12-speed automatic gearbox, with a top speed of 80–90 kilometres per hour (50–56 mph) and a range of 500 kilometres.